Reinforcers can be either positive or negative. Retrieved 29 January In this case, money can best be described as a n:
You might start by grabbing the animal's paw, performing the shaking motion, saying "Shake," and then offering a reward each and every time you perform this sequence of steps. The process she used is called A classical conditioning. Rewards induce approach behavior, also called appetitive or preparatory behavior, and consummatory behavior. This form of negative reinforcement is called. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 38In behavioral psychology, reinforcement is a consequence that will strengthen an organism's . Skinner defined reinforcers according to the change in response strength (response rate) rather than to more .. rate of responding and the greatest resistance to extinction (for example, the behavior of gamblers at slot machines). This is why it is often difficult to extinguish some of our daily behaviors, since most are maintained under irregular or variable reinforcement schedules. Gambling. Schedules of reinforcement influence how fast a behavior is Gambling and lottery games are good examples of a reward based on a variable.